Ideas and Forecasts on UNION BK OF INDIA — NSE:UNIONBANK ...

Indian Financial Sector

MPs, state legislatures, or local bodies such as municipal corporations cannot be on the boards of public sector banks. Also, partners of chartered accountancy firms engaged as statutory central auditors at any PSB cannot join the boards of these banks, RBI said in an updated circular on fit and proper criteria in PSBs.
-Economic Times
The RBI clarified that banks and NBFCs cannot impose foreclosure charges / pre-payment penalties on any floating rate term loan sanctioned, for purposes other than business, to individual borrowers with or without co-obligant(s). The RBI has done away with foreclosure charges /pre-payment penalties on all floating rate term loans sanctioned to individual borrowers with effect from May 7, 2014.
-Business Line
IMPS is gaining traction and the number of transactions rose to 19 crores in July even as the transaction value for UPI and the Centre’s flagship digital payment app BHIM continued to decline for the second straight month. According to data released by the NPCI, IMPS hit a record high in July in terms of value, too. As many as 18.92 crore transactions amounting to over ₹1.82-lakh crore were conducted through IMPS in July against 17.13 crore transactions worth over ₹1.73-lakh crore in June.
-Business Line
Clearcorp Dealing Systems India Ltd (Clearcorp), a wholly owned subsidiary of Clearing Corporation of India Ltd, will launch its forex trading platform, FX-Retail, for the customers of banks on Aug 5. The FX-Retail platform will provide an anonymous and order driven dealing in US Dollar (USD) / Indian Rupee (INR) currency pair for bank customers -- individuals, sole proprietorship firms, partnership firms and corporates, Clearcorp said in a statement.
-Business Line
Corporation Bank registered a net profit of ₹103.27 crore in the first quarter of 2019-20 as against a profit of ₹84.96 crore in the corresponding period of the previous fiscal, recording a growth of 21.55%.
-Business Line
SBI today said the RBI has imposed a penalty of Rs 50 lakh on it for non-compliance relating to reporting of frauds.
-Economic Times
Oriental Bank of Commerce & Punjab National Bank today said the RBI has imposed a penalty of Rs 50 lakhs on them for non-compliance relating to reporting of frauds in the Kingfisher Airlines account.
-Economic Times
Bandhan Bank would open 187 new branches by the end of the current FY, taking the total number to 1,187, a top official said today. The bank would also open 340 doorstep service centres by 2019-20, MD & CEO Chandra Sekhar Ghosh said.
-Economic Times
Punjab & Sind Bank said it has declared NPA account Fairdeal Supplies Ltd as a fraud and has reported the matter to the RBI, it said in a regulatory filing.
-Economic Times
LIC Housing Finance reported an 8% increase in standalone net profit at ₹611 crore in the first quarter (Q1FY20) against ₹568 crore in the year-ago period.
-Business Line
Former RBI Governor Duvvuri Subbarao on Friday said that any government trying to “raid” the balance sheet of a central bank can be seen as a desperate move.
-Business Line
A spate of reforms undertaken by the Government has led to the current slowdown in the country, Amitabh Kant, the CEO of policy think-tank NITI Aayog, said. This came as a note of caution from the senior official as he was advocating a series of policy decisions to revive the economy.
-The Hindu
The country's forex reserves decreased by $727 million to $429.649 billion for the week ended July 26, led by a decline in foreign currency assets, RBI data showed on Friday.
-Moneycontrol.com
As the Rajya Sabha passed the Code on Wages, 12 Central Trade Unions, except the BMS, held protest across the country demanding the Centre to withdraw the proposed Labour Codes. Terming the 4 proposed codes anti-labour, the trade unions alleged that the Bills are being passed without any tripartite negotiations with trade unions, chambers of commerce and the Governments. They alleged that there is a conspiracy to take away the right to work for 8 hours and give the power to the State governments and the Centre to set working hours.
-Business Line
 -#030819 
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Indian Financial Sector

As negotiations to finalise the long-overdue Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) enter final stages, Prime Minister Modi said India has put forward reasonable proposals in a clear manner and is engaged in the talks with sincerity for the free trade deal. Modi said India is clear that a mutually beneficial RCEP, in which all sides gain reasonably, is in interests of the country and of all nations involved in the negotiation.
-Business Line
A day after SEBI put in place tighter disclosure norms, Indian Bank, Union Bank of India and Lakshmi Vilas Bank on Friday reported divergence in their bad loans for the last fiscal ended March 2019. For LVB, the net loss widened to Rs 1,006 crore from Rs 894 crore.
-Economic Times
The RBI has rejected a proposal by ICICI Bank for appointment of Sandeep Batra as an executive director (ED) after SEBI penalised him in a case related to merger of Bank of Rajasthan.“The Bank has received a communication from RBI not acceding to the request for appointment of Batra at present and to resubmit the proposal for approval after one year from the conclusion of settlement proceedings,” ICICI Bank said in a regulatory filing late on Friday night.
-Business Line
The RBI has refused to relent on its guidelines requiring chief executives of private banks to mandatorily retire at the age of 70, setting the stage for Aditya Puri to step down as HDFC Bank MD & CEO next October, while Romesh Sobti will retire as IndusInd Bank chief at the end of the financial year.
-Economic Times
PSBs are talking to the RBI under the aegis of the IBA to allow a staggered recognition of deferred tax assets (DTA) for FY20 in order to avoid taking large hits on their bottomlines. “We are assessing the matter and even the RBI and IBA are talking about it,” said an executive aware of the development.
-Financial Express
US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin met RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das in the financial capital today. The two discussed “global and domestic macro-economic scenario in both countries and regulatory developments”, according to an official statement from the central bank.
-Business Line
The global investor which has submitted a binding bid to invest $1.2 billion in Yes Bank is a North American family office that is interested in picking up more than a third of the bank’s shareholding. “We have a nondisclosure agreement with the investor. The bank’s capital-raising committee could meet as early as next week to decide on the proposal and, should they approve it, the name will be made public,” said Yes Bank MD & CEO Ravneet Gill.
-Economic Times
Karur Vysya Bank has posted a 24.37% dip in its standalone net profit for the second quarter ended September 2019 to ₹63.33 crore compared with the corresponding year-ago period on higher provisioning.
-The Hindu
Lakshmi Vilas Bank, in a regulatory filing, said Non-Executive Non-Independent Director Anuradha Pradeep has resigned from the board.
-Business Standard
India’s GDP could grow 6.6% in 2020-24, lower than its 2013-17 average of 7.4%, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) said today.
-Economic Times
China's Fosun Tourism Group said it would acquire the Thomas Cook and related hotel brands for 11 million pounds in a bid to expand its presence in the tourism business.
-Economic Times
A 65 Year olddepositor of the scam-hit Punjab & Maharashtra Cooperative (PMC) Bank died due to a heart attack in neighboring Navi Mumbai, her family said. Kuldeep Kaur Vig (64) is the seventh PMC Bank depositor to have died after the alleged ₹4,355 crore scam at the bank came to light and the RBI imposed restrictions on withdrawal of funds.
-Livemint
NPCI on November 1 said the number of transactions of Unified Payments Interface (UPI) has crossed the landmark figure of 1 billion in October. "The total transactions of UPI jumped to 1.15 billion in October 2019 from 0.96 billion in September 2019," NPCI said in a release. Total transaction value of UPI stood at Rs 1.91 lakh crore during the month, up from Rs 1.61 lakh crore in the previous month.
-Moneycontrol.com
India's forex reserves increased by $1.832 billion to a new lifetime high of $442.583 billion in the week ended October 25, helped by a jump in core currency assets and value of gold, RBI data showed on November 1. The overall kitty had expanded by $1.04 billion to $440.751 billion in the previous reporting week.
-Moneycontrol.com
 -#021119 
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Indian Financial Sector

Indian consumers appear to show zero loss of appetite for cash despite Government’s numerous efforts to wean them away from currency notes and get them to transact digitally. Currency in circulation in India in the fortnight to July 5 was Rs 21.1 lakh crore, as against Rs 18.7 lakh crore in the same period last year, translating into growth of 13%.
-Economic Times
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman today said Government has de-registered 4 lakh shell companies as the Lok Sabha approved a bill seeking to tighten CSR norms and ensuring stricter action for non- compliance of the Co law regulations. Piloting the Companies Amendment Bill 2019, the minister said companies not spending the mandatory 2% profit on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activites for a total period of 4 years will be required to deposit the amount in a special account.
-Economic Times
RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das has expressed concerns over the impact of stressed trade negotiations and rising geopolitical tensions on global economy while backed the building up of forex reserves by emerging economies as safe-guard against global contagion.
-Economic Times
Punjab National Bank today reported a net profit of Rs 1,019 crore as compared to a net loss of Rs 940 crore recorded in the same quarter last fiscal.
-Business Line
The New Delhi-based agri services solutions firm Sohan Lal Commodity Management (P) Ltd said today that it entered into an agreement with SBI for collateral management and warehousing services. As part of the pact, SLCM will act as custodian of the commodities that SBI has taken as a security against loans, said a press statement.
-Business Line
The South Indian Bank has achieved a net profit of ₹73.26 crore in Q1 of FY19, against ₹23.04 crore during the corresponding period of the previous year. The bank’s operating profit has also grown to ₹317.63 crore from ₹269.64 crore.
-Business Line
The Mumbai bench of the NCLT, on Thursday, put a stay on its own order which had allowed the government’s plea to prosecute IL&FS’ erstwhile auditor, Deloitte.
-Business Line
Union Home Minister Amit Shah received a dividend cheque of Rs 15.26 crore from the representatives of the Repco Bank, a multi state cooperative finance and development bank controlled by the Home Ministry. The Repco Bank is a multi state cooperative society established in 1969 by the Central Government for rehabilitation of repatriates from Myanmar and Sri Lanka, an official statement said.
-Economic Times
Indian authorities are concerned that WhatsApp’s payment service might share user data with group companies Facebook & Instagram, compromising the security, privacy and non-commercial information of its subscribers. The Government has asked the NPCI to look into the matter and ensure that user data collected through payment services such as WhatsApp and Google Pay is not shared, top officials said.
-Economic Times
Muthoot Finance has halted gold loan processing and disbursal in several branches for about 3 days from Thursday. The NBFC did not respond to a query on the likely impact of the halt in gold loan disbursal on its business. It may be noted that the RBI had said earlier this week that it was seeing ‘signs of fragility’ and that it was constantly watching 50 NBFCs, including large ones.
-Business Line
USD/INR 68.89
SENSEX 37882.79 (+51.81)
NIFTY50 11284.30(+32.15)
 -#260719 
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BEST BANK FOR CURRENT ACCOUNT IN INDIA – READ CAREFULLY

BEST BANK FOR CURRENT ACCOUNT IN INDIA – READ CAREFULLY

https://preview.redd.it/gfzi2wagvyd31.jpg?width=825&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=601921ef69e2cc7f10b0accdbf7983db11b518f7
People who are a unit in business principally they need a accounting. Most of the banks

provide differing types of current accounts. you'll be able to target your demand to

settle on best banks for accounting. There area unit 2 most typically used accounts –

bank account and accounting. Here, apprehend the most effective Bank For accounting In

India, the newest list for you.

Best Bank for accounting In India – options That Differentiate
Overdraft facility
More free transactions allowed
Moreover, Interest-free account
Minimum account balance starts from Rs.10,000 typically
Unlimited deposit and withdrawal facility
Allows direct payments victimization Doctor of Divinity, cheques and pay orders
Must Read: AADHAR LINK TO BANK ACCOUNT- straightforward STEP BY STEP GUIDE
Features And advantages Of accounting – Best Bank for accounting In India
Zero-interest rate account
The facility of draft and unsecured loans
Also, Unlimited withdrawals from the house branch
Can be operated by public and personal firms, people, proprietors, trusts, NGOs etc.
Multiple direct payment facilities like demand drafts, free cheque leaves, pay orders,

NEFT, RTGS etc.
Types Of accounting – Best accounting In India
Standard Current Account: It offers AN draft facility, cheque leaves, debit cards, SMS

banking, internet banking, etc. and contains a monthly average balance demand.
Single Column money Book: It permits transactions however doesn’t provide options like AN

draft facility. It records daily transactions underneath separate credit and debit

columns.
Packaged Current Account: It offers packaged options like travel insurance and medical

support.
Premium Current Account: It offers premium offers, services and advantages with tailor-

made options for its high-end customers.
Foreign Currency Accounts: it's for businesses or people that need vast foreign currency

transactions to be administrated often.
Must Read: tax REFUND standing – ELIGIBILITY, PROCEDURE, ONLINE
Which Type Of accounting Is appropriate For You?

Basic current accounts area unit dealing accounts with zero interest rates and high

minimum balance account needs. But, banks currently provide a spread of Current Accounts

designed to fulfill completely different client needs. Examples like low or naught

minimum balance account, draft facility, higher transactional capabilities and a

relationship manager. you've got to match this account options to pick out the most

effective banks for current accounts.

Here is that the List Of ten Best Bank For accounting In India
State Bank Of India
SBI provides unlimited daily transactions with their services. It additionally offers

draft facility that comes with a credit limit. Probably, SBI is that the best accounting

for tiny business in India.

Features And advantages
Low account maintenance charges
The convenience of straightforward money pickup facilities and money handling
Free monthly statement
Ease of SMS alerts
Nomination facility offered
Fastest Safest & Securest company net Banking
SBI internet banking is incredibly straightforward to use
HDFC Bank
HDFC Bank offers a bunch of options on its current accounts. The freed from charges

feature from it’s a home branch on money withdrawals, RTGS and NEFT payments and

collections.

Features And advantages
Avail on non-cash services
High dealing amounts
Easy net banking
ICICI Bank
ICICI bank targets its customer’s needs into thought. Also, it offers special privileges,

tailor-made offerings, free services and better free limits for daily transactions

Features And advantages
Unlimited transactions
Free RTGS and NEFT transactions
Free mobile alerts
Also, an infatuated relationship manager
user-friendly ICICI internet Banking
Axis Bank
Axis bank provides varied options to their customers. Also, there's AN choice of free

money deposit up to Rs. two lakhs during a month reception branch and in non-home branch

free money withdrawal up to Rs. 1 lakh.

Features And advantages
500 cheque leaves free per month
Free money deposit up to Rs. two lakhs during a month
Minimum balance demand is Rs. 10,000
easy Axis internet banking
Bank Of Baroda
There area unit differing types of accounting offered in Bank of Baroda. Further, they

provide money withdrawals in line with their customer’s needs.

Features And advantages
Based on the conception of PAY AS you employ
5 Non-ADC transactions area unit free per month
Unlimited issue of cheque books
Auto sweep / Reverse sweep feature offered
Kotak Mahindra bank
They focus to supply their best to their customers by their current accounts. Services,

like retreating funds and issuance cheques area unit one amongst the most effective from

this bank and it's one amongst the most effective banks for current accounts.

Features And advantages
Faster out-station cheque assortment
Better Forex rates and economical trade services
Cash management services
Also, free cheque payments and assortment
Free NEFT and RTGS through Kotak internet Banking
HSBC Bank
HSBC offers current accounts to its customers to fulfill their desires. Further, these

accounts go together with several added advantages and options.

Features And advantages
No monthly account fee
Exclusive access to offers and discounts
Dedicated relationship manager
Available draft service, subject to standing
Yes bank
It is a invasive public sector bank. affirmative bank provides many tailor-made

accounting banking product to people yet as businesses.

Features And advantages
Free demand drafts across India
Flexibility to extend the dealing limit
Also, free cheque payments and collections and free money deposits
Multi-city cheque books area unit provided
Union Bank
Union bank offers unlimited transactions to their customers. Its accounting comes with

varied advantages and options, therefore their customers don’t face any downside.

Features And advantages
Unlimited payments
Overdraft facility
Upcountry cheque assortment facility
Also, nomination facility
IndusInd Bank
The IndusInd bank has AN array of current accounts for giant company, businesses,

importers and exporters and for niche industries. Therefore, one amongst the foremost

vital advantages is that the shoppers will simply avail the draft facility.

Features And advantages
No limits on withdrawals
Provides AN draft facility
Also, Mobile banking and net banking facilities
Must Read: ten BEST BANKS for private LOAN IN India
Summary – Best accounting In India
Therefore we tend to here mentioned a number of the most effective banks for current

accounts in India. So, Current accounts have their own advantages. If you are doing daily

transactions with the bank and wish some further options than a accounting is healthier

than saving account. currently the most issue comes here after you got to opt for a bank

within which you're progressing to open AN account. Moreover, opt for the netbanking

facility. therefore opt for rigorously the most effective accounting during a bank that

suits your needs.
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Indian Financial Sector

The Government has no proposal to increase the amount provided under the Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana, the Minister for Rural Development Narinder Singh Tomar informed the Rajya Sabha today. -Economic Times
India’s financial system remains stable against the backdrop of improving resilience of the banking sector, even though the emerging trends in global economic as also geopolitical environment pose challenges, the RBI said. -Business Line
The RBI is reviewing its master direction on frauds and considering additional measures for timely recognition of frauds and enforcement action against violations, it said in its financial stability report (FSR). -Livemint
The RBI today set an average base rate of 9.18% for non-banking financial companies and micro finance institutions to be charged from their customers for the quarter beginning July 1. “The applicable average base rate to be charged by non-banking financial companies and micro finance institutions (NBFC-MFIs) to their borrowers for the quarter beginning July 1, 2019 will be 9.18%,” RBI said in a release. -Business Line
In a staggering revelation indicating that Indian banks have been under-reporting frauds. The Data released by the RBI in its latest edition of the Financial Stability Report, suggests that nearly 40% of the under-reported frauds actually took place in 3 years between 2013 to 2016. -Economic Times
Gross NPAs of NBFCs have risen from 5.8% in 2017-18 to 6.6% of their loans in 2018-19 even as net NPAs declined by 10 basis points from 3.8 to 3.7 per cent in the same period, the RBI’s Financial Stability Report has said. -Business Standard
After taking a hit on account of loans to IL&Fs, Bandhan Bank will stay away from big corporate loans, and will remain focused on micro-loans in the short term, C S Ghosh, MD & CEO of the bank said. -Business Standard
IndusInd Bank has now become 2.58% owner of micro -finance firm Satin Creditcare following allotment of 13.43 lakh equities against preference shares. -Economic Times
United Bank of India (UBI) is targeting an NPA recovery of around Rs 4,000 crore in the 2019-20 fiscal on the back of a one-time settlement (OTS) scheme, a top official said. In the April-June quarter, the bank is expecting a recovery of Rs 300-400 crore, which would mainly accrue from the retailing sector, MD and CEO Ashok Kumar Pradhan said. -Business Line
As per latest NPCI data, 33.5 million transactions worth Rs 9,000 crore happened over micro ATMs in May. The Aadhar-Enabled Payments Channel (AEPS), which falls under the broader category of micro-ATMs, has emerged as one of the fastest growing payments systems in the country, second only to the UPI system in terms of annual volume growth. -Economic Times
The SBI today revealed the names of 10 new big-ticket firms from the pharmaceuticals, gems and jewellery and power sectors and also their top officials as it declared them 'wilful defaulters'. Mostly based in Mumbai, the outstandings from these loan defaulters are pegged at nearly 1,500 crore, and they have been served repeated reminders to clear their borrowings. -Livemint
Bank of Maharashtra said it will raise up to Rs 3,000 crore equity capital through various modes, including follow-on public offer or preferential issuance of shares. The decision was taken at the bank's annual general meeting held on June 27, 2019. -Moneycontrol.com
SIDBI has committed Rs 3,123.2 crore to 49 SEBI registered Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs), who in turn have invested Rs 1,625.73 crore into 247 startups, commerce and industry minister Piyush Goyal said today. -Economic Times
In a first-of-its-kind initiative, a Jet Airways Employee Consortium and AdiGroup today announced a partnership to bid for 75% of the airline through the NCLT process, members of the consortium said. -Economic Times
Union Minister for MSME Nitin Gadkari said that his vision is to increase MSMEs contribution to India’s GDP to over 50% from the current 29% and that for the Indian economy to scale the $5 trillion mark. -Economic Times
PM Modi and US President Donald Trump Friday "aired" their concerns over the bilateral trade disputes and agreed for an early meeting of their commerce ministers to sort out the issues, a day after the US leader demanded withdrawal of the "very high" tariffs levied by India on American goods. -Economic Times
India has received USD 1.81 billion FDI from China during April 2014 to March 2019, Parliament was informed Friday. -Economic Times
India's foreign exchange reserve touched a life-time high of $426.42 billion after it surged by $4.215 billion in the week to June 21, RBI data showed. Forex reserves had scaled a record high of $426.028 billion in the week to April 13, 2018. -Livemint
USD/INR 69.02
SENSEX 39394.64(-191.77)
NIFTY50 11788.85(-52.70)
 -#280619 
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Partial translation of long Chinese article regarding the recent actions of PBOC

https://www.sosobtc.com/article/24259.html
The following is a rough/partial translation of the article "Reflections on the present situation of Bitcoin and thoughts on its future" provided in the link above
Two hurricanes swept through the landscape as the summer season trails off, instead of uprooting trees and destroying houses, it ravaged through the Bitcoin markets.
In early September, Chinese authorities made an announcement banning Initial Coin Offerings (ICO), this was shortly followed by a second official statement regarding the closures of Chinese cryptocurrencies exchanges. These two statements triggered a flurry of selling off and caused a massive upheaval in cryotocurrency markets.
This author had anticipated these actions from PBOC, and was perhaps, even an unwitting instigator (in the most minor sense possible) for the current turn of events. A few days back, this author had suggested that PBOC should just shut down Bitcoin mines and exchanges in China, thus allowing an easy way out for the central bank to abscond itself of any “supervisory responsibility” over this burgeoning industry. This would also ensure that Bitcoin markets would open to develop organically in a democratic, autonomous manner, free from constant irrational interference of the Central Bank. Nevertheless this author still found it surprising that the typically indecisive PBOC would take such a drastic action within such a short time.
In the author’s opinion, there are three main factors, and three minor factors that lead to this latest decision by PBOC. Here are the 3 main reasons:
1) The increasingly unwieldy size of the Bitcoin market
First, let’s keep a few figures in mind. 1) In 2015, based on the limited amount of information available to the public; China UnionPay the crown jewel of PBOC disclosed a profit of 3.8 billion CNY, and held 66.5 billion CNY worth of assets. 2) 220 billion CNY; stamp duty revenue generated from securities issued by CSRC.
Now, consider the size of the Bitcoin industry in China. China holds approximately two thirds of Bitcoin currently in circulation, ~10 million Bitcoins. Before the most recent market upheaval, Bitcoin’s value was holding steady at around 30000 CNY (4500 USD), hence according to this approximation, Bitcoin holders in China is controlling 300 billion CNY worth of a highly liquid, easily transacted wealth that is not subjected to regulations and jurisdiction by the Central Bank and Ministry’s of Finance. In a space of a few short years, the amount of wealth held by Chinese citizens in Bitcoin has now swelled to a very significant amount that’s on the scale of annual military spending of nations such as India and Russia (55.9 billion and 69.2 billion USD respectively, estimated Bitcoin holding in China 45 billion USD (when price was at 4500 usd)
Now that the days of exponential Chinese economic growth driven by its manufacturing industry is over, various ministries are trying all sorts of different methods to promote economic growth. However, for all their efforts to promote and cultivate a new multibillion industry, their achievements pale in comparison to the Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies industry which had slipped right under their noses and is now thriving. It is easy to conjecture that the success of this new, non-government sanctioned industry is a slap in the face for archaic and control hungry Chinese party officials.
Following the runaway success of Tencent and Alibaba, two recent multibillion companies which the Chinese State failed to put their finger in, Chinese officials are now determined to nip the Bitcoin industry in its bud before it blossoms into another non-state sanction success. This vindictive and petty type of thinking is rather typical, and to be expected of the current administration.
2)Disruption of the societal hierarchy
The social hierarchy of China is still largely determined by state-owned monopolies. The distribution of public wealth and resources like real estate, mining rights, and business permits etc. are dictated by those wielding power in state enterprises. The immense wealth generated by these essentially risk free businesses is only accessible to relatives of high-ranking officials and fellow insiders, i.e an oligarchy.
However the wealth generated from the Bitcoin industry which was essentially started by a bunch of tech enthusiasts with some old computers, a few lot of GPUs, and self taught mathematical models. This completely circumvents the typical route to wealth and riches as dictated by the state, and is a threat to the way they constructed the society to be. Hence, the Bitcoin industry must be stopped and to be made an example of.
Business owners in cahoots with state officials also resents the Bitcoin industry greatly, like how they resisted e-payment systems like Alipay, WechatPay, or e-communities such as qq and Wechat initially. These business owners are essentially power brokers, where their greatest asset lies in their ability to act as an intermediary between private enterprises and the State, if new businesses no longer require the blessing of the state to prosper, then as the unofficial toll collectors would surely be starved.
3)The inequality of wealth distribution arising from the Bitcoin industry
The frontrunners and greatest benefactors of the Chinese Bitcoin industry had been young tech enthusiasts. Typically young males in their late 20s, and as the price of Bitcoin boomed, they became a very conspicuous bunch of newly rich. These quickly drew the ire of the Chinese community, “your dad isn’t some powerful Chinese tycoon or government official, what did you do to deserve to get rich so quickly!” was the unspoken sentiment of the public. As more and more stories about the overnight success of Bitcoin mining/trading enterprises received inceased media coverage across 2016, the Chinese were driven into frenzy on this new source of wealth. One portion of the public started to throw their hats into the ring, by exploiting the fact that the public by large only possess a half-baked understanding of cryptocurrencies. These newcomers posed themselves as some sort of Bitcoin sage, and immediately started advocating all sorts of altcoins and cryptocurrencies to enrich themselves.
Another portion of the public started to horde towards these so called bitcoin sages entrusting them with their hard earned money so that they can be a part of this exciting new industry. The fact that they lost money has nothing to do with the Bitcoin industry, but is solely due to the fact that they did not educate themselves properly and allowed themselves to be taken advantage of by some unscrupulous individuals.
But the largest portion the public became increasingly envious of the success achieved by the frontrunners in the Bitcoin industry, feeling that it’s too late to join the bandwagon, and angry that all these newfound wealth had completely eluded them, they began to sound their frustration, demanding the closure and banning of the new arcane industry that they had missed out on.
In recent years, financial crisis in China had always originated from State-controlled markets such as the stock exchange, Forex or the real estate industry. As the Chinese people grew increasingly distrustful of these State-controlled industries, the self-regulated Bitcoin industry emerged as shining beacon of success. The relevant authorities took note of the public dissatisfaction with Bitcoin and decided to go with the flow, assuaging public outrage while at the same time, diverting attention away from their own failures in issues such as the unaffordable real estate prices that's currently paralyzing the young Chinese community.
The aforementioned three factors are deep rooted, and would always be a core reason for the Chinese government to stamp out Bitcoin. Here are three more minor reasons, which are more circumstantial and technical in nature:
1)The contentious hard fork leading to discord among the Bitcoin community
Ever since Bitcoin splitted into Bitcoin Core and BitcoinCash, the community has grew increasingly partisan. This animosity between the two factions had damaged Bitcoin, and some people had decided to exploit this divide. The statement from James Dimon about Bitcoin being a scam was quickly picked up by Chinese officials to clamp down on Bitcoin. The credibility of his statement is dubious, seeing that JP Morgan was just as complicit as Lehman Brother’s was during the 2008 financial crisis, and really should not be calling out other people for being a scam. However, Chinese officials quickly took his words as gospel, after all enemy of an enemy is a friend. This crackdown essentially kills of the new Bitcoin blockchain advocated by the Chinese Bitcoin community (i.e Bitcoin Cash), so in a sense the state officials are modern traitors, by siding with foreigners and their view of Bitcoin.
2)Bitcoin market is still too naïve and immature
Even before the Bitcoin hardfork was concluded, exchanges started listing tokens representing BitCoin Cash for trading. This action in particular hastens the decision by Chinese authorities to clampdown on Bitcoin. This decision is simply reckless and irrational, as it lies in complete betrayal of what Bitcoin stands for. Bitcoin is the time tested, gold standard among cryptocurrencies because every single bitcoin is forged by miners, this is what that makes Bitcoin secure and distinguishes it from the many other altcoins that currently exisits. Bitcoin is more than just a currency; it has solid proof of work backing it up. By simply listing BCC tokens before they are mined. What the exchanges are doing is no different from the central bank issuing fiat currencies, and by stepping into the domain of the central bank, Bitcoin exchanges now have painted a huge bulls eye on its back
3)Too much speculators, opportunists joining the fray
In the few weeks prior to this crackdown, i.e when Bitcoin was at its all time high. Figures in the financial world that used to jeer at Bitcoin started to change their tune. They popped out like mushrooms after rain, claiming that they too want to join this exciting new industry, be it as a miner, a day trader or to start blockchain companies. In hindsight, these are clear indicators that the Bitcoin market is overheated and is due for a correction.
Three years ago, when Bitcoin was worth around 1000 CNY, it was clearly a good, underpriced product with a clear utility and huge potential for future growth, but not a lot of people were buying it. However, now that the price had climbed all the way to 30000 CNY, people are rushing to get more of it. There was clearly a bubble, and that’s why this author started exhorting for PBOC to crackdown on Bitcoin and pop the bubble.
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Doubts You Should Clarify About Euro Live Rate

Doubts You Should Clarify About Euro Live Rate
It is quite usual to hear that someone or the other wishes to go for an International Trip. In fact, we all have been there and have experienced the curiosity of experiencing the adventures, isn't it!? Just when we are trying to absorb all these thoughts and plan on sinking in it, right then, at that very moment we are hit by the serious responsibilities that tag along with the overseas trip.
While there are many things that one must take care of, the most important of them is 'understanding Forex Exchange money system.' If you are a first time traveller then understanding the nuances of forex services is essential too. BookMyForex.com is an online Marketplace that offers buying, selling and remitting of Forex online with and active customer support, making your trip a perfect one.
Usually, educating oneself about the foreign exchange system is quite easy. However, when we come to the stage of understanding foreign currency conversion, it poses a threat to people. For instance, if you research on google about Euro, you'll find out a whole list of doubts about the Euro conversion live rates that people have.
Don't believe it?
Here are a few answers to some of the most common doubts about the Euro that people tend to have:
Is the Euro used by other countries as their currency too?
Yes, just like the US dollar the Euro is also accepted and recognised as an official currency by 19 out of 28-member states of the European Union. Apart from these 19, there are these institutions of the European Union along with the four European microstates and other special territories that are the members of the EU outside Europe. These places accept the Euro as their official currency for transactions in direct terms.
Are there any similarities between the rates of The Euro and The US dollar?
No, there are no similarities between the conversion rates of these two mega currencies of the world, their rates are decided separately on their respective growth, demand and place of value. However, the only similarities that one can find between these is that they have the common Central Bank in the eurozone. Also, just like the dollar, the euro is also a reserve currency. In fact, it is the second largest currency after the dollar that is also a reserve currency and the most traded one too. As of August 2018, it was reported that with 1.2 trillion euros in circulation in terms of banknotes and coins, the Euro has surpassed the US dollar.

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How to find the best currency conversion rates?
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BookMyForex.com is the world’s first and largest online marketplace for foreign exchange. You can find the best rates online which are the latest to last second. As an authorised money exchanger regulated by the Reserve Bank of India, bookmyforex.com is trusted by 3lac+ Indians with over ₹3,000+Cr exchanged.
Are there any extra/hidden charges behind the rates that are given?
There's a danger of getting different rates from different money exchangers outside as they include commission charges for providing services that are rendered to them by someone else. Thus, resulting in numerous rates from numerous money exchangers.
Whereas, converting currency online through BookMyForex.com gives you the best Euro Live Rate that include no hidden charges. As an RBI authorised online marketplace for buying, selling and remitting forex, BookMyForex.com has successful at helping people to exchange 2500+ crores of foreign currency. They are available at almost 650 cities with over 5000 locations, thus ending your search by bringing it to the access of your fingertips.
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CLSA: Greed & Fear : Modi and Banking Amendments [NP]

Chris Wood of CLSA is one of the most revered Equity Strategist. He periodically writes 'GREED & FEAR' series explaining his views and strategies. He usually meets the policymakers, CEOs and sector experts before forming his opinions on each country and the market.
This is a txt copy of the latest edition.
CLSA: GREED & FEAR : MODI AND BANKING AMENDMENTS - 11th May 2017
GREED & fear’s base case for 2017, namely for global equity investors to be overweight global emerging markets and the Eurozone, has been strengthened by Emmanuel Macron’s victory. Macron’s victory will have further encouraged hopes of a re-energised Franco-German alliance at the heart of the Eurozone and related hopes of a renewed drive towards integration. Whether such hopes prove to be a reality is quite another matter. But for the moment they can propel European equities higher in the run up to the German election where GREED & fear’s base case remains a Merkel victory.
GREED & fear also remains constructive on the euro since the base case must be that Derivative Draghi will signal some increase in token tapering at the next ECB monetary policy meeting on 8 June.
As for the US, renewed hopes that the Trump administration will be able to pass reform of Obamacare are again encouraging expectations that tax reform can be passed more quickly than previously anticipated. This remains extremely optimistic from GREED & fear’s standpoint, with the major uncertainty whether Republicans in Congress will insist on the package being revenue neutral. But for now such hopes may keep the 10-year Treasury bond yield above 2.3% and therefore equities reasonably constructive. Yet if such hopes of near-term tax cuts are dashed, GREED & fear’s view remains that the yield curve is vulnerable to renewed flattening given that the evidence remains that the downside risk to economic growth in America are rising not falling. More tightening by the Fed, let alone the commencement of balance sheet contraction, increases the risk for US equities and strengthens the case to be long Treasury bonds absent aggressive tax cuts. It also increases the argument to be underweight American equities in a global portfolio.
It is a reality of market sentiment that the China reflation trade is currently being questioned. GREED & fear’s base case is that the bulk of the correction in commodities is over, be it in copper, iron ore and other China reflation trade proxies.
Still GREED & fear is much less sanguine on oil where hopes of keeping oil above US$50 rest on OPEC being able to agree on an extension of the current production agreement at its forthcoming meeting scheduled for 25 May. In the absence of such a deal, oil looks vulnerable.There is now a following wind in Europe until the German federal election in September where investors currently anticipate a positive result. The issue will then become whether a Eurozone with a Merkel-Macron leadership or, less likely, a Macron-Schulz leadership, will really push for renewed integration on a presumed path to fiscal union. For that is what will be required in GREED & fear’s view to keep Italy in the Eurozone.
If Asia and emerging markets remain an overweight forGREED & fear, India also remains the most preferred equity story in the emerging market universe on a ten-year view. This long-term constructive view has been strengthened by evidence that the Modi government is showing a renewed focus to address the asset quality problem in the banking sector.
The key development on the bad loan problem was the publication late last week of an ordinance amending the Banking Regulation Act. The key purpose of this amendment is to empower the Reserve Bank of India to intervene in specific cases of default as well as to give the central bank the authority to require specific defaults to be sent to the insolvency court if lenders and borrowers cannot reach resolution.The other aim of this amendment is to remove a concern shared by all bankers that, if they agree to a haircut on a specific loan, they will be at risk of future investigation by the judiciary or an investigative agency. It is the reluctance of the banks to take haircuts which has been the key cause of India’s long festering banking problem.The lack of progress addressing this legacy problem in the banking sector is the main reason why India is still seeing no evidence of a renewed private sector-driven investment cycle. While there have, in GREED & fear’s view, been enormous achievements in other areas of policy, the missing link is the banking sector with the bulk of the problem lying in the state-owned banks.The new approach requires the RBI to execute proactively on its new powers. The good news is that the RBI’s technocratic approach means that its management of the NPA problem will be less politicised than if handled by other government agencies. The word in Delhi is that the RBI will come out with clear guidelines in the near future on how this process will work.There is naturally much scepticism as to whether resolutions of bad debt cases will happen given the previous failure to address the NPA problem. Still, in GREED & fear’s view it is wrong to be too sceptical since, if the RBI is prepared to be tough, it has the leverage to apply, since it now has the power to invoke the insolvency code against defaulters. Once the NPA issue is resolved, the way will be clear for the public sector banks to raise capital, a process which should also lead, with the encouragement of both the RBI and the government, to the consolidation of the public sector banks.
The rest of the Indian story under the extraordinary Modi remains as vibrant as ever. While it is true that the Aadhaar programme was launched under the previous government, the real roll out and practical application of the programme has been massively leveraged since Modi assumed power. The benefits of direct electronic payments are hard to exaggerate in terms of reduced leakages and the like.
There is also the approaching launch of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). While this will not be as clean as originally hoped, the arrival of GST is a big deal. The fundamental point to focus on is that GST will end inter-state barriers to trade. The result should be increased tax revenues.GREED & fear remains constructive even if the Indian stock market is certainly expensive on a forward earnings basis. The continuing rise in the stock market year to date, and the resulting re-rating, has been triggered primarily by ongoing strong inflows into domestic equity mutual funds.These inflows into the mutual funds have been a feature ever since Modi was elected and reflect a growing preference for financial assets over traditional assets not traditionally visible to the taxman in India, namely property and gold.
The investment in Naver in the Asia ex-Japan long-only portfolio will be removed. An investment in Indian state-owned bank State Bank of India will be initiated with a 3% weighting, while a further 1ppt will be added to the existing investment in HDFC.China’s foreign exchange reserves increased by US$20.4bn in April. This marks the first time China’s forex reserves have increased for three consecutive months since June 2014. CLSA’s economics team estimates a mark-to-market gain of US$25bn in April, which implies a balance of payments deficit of only US$5bn in April. This further reinforces the view here that capital flight in China is not out of control.The latest Chinese inflation data provides further evidence that China PPI inflation has already peaked. PPI inflation slowed for the second consecutive month, down from 7.6% YoY in March to 6.4% YoY in April. The slowdown can be partly explained by the base effect. But China PPI also declined on a month on month basis for the first time since June 2016.
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Mann ki Baat - December edition

I wish I had good news, but it's not looking good, guise

1) India's manufacturing expansion at 25-month low: Survey

The growth of India's manufacturing economy dropped to its lowest in the past 25 months, mainly on account of a slower expansion of new business and overall output, according to a leading global business survey released on Tuesday.

2) Exports may fall below $300 bn by 2015-16 end

The government has set a target of $325 billion for the current financial year. It will be a happy situation if the country achieves exports of $300 billion but it (exports) will end less than $300 billion.”
Kapoor’s admission comes close on the heels of India’s exports contracting for the eleventh straight month in October.
Exports decline for 11th month in a row India's raw cotton exports dip 50% in 2014-15 India's soyameal exports at historic low: SEA Gems and Jewellery exports dip 18% during April-Oct

3) Rupee hits more than two-year low; RBI intervenes

he rupee hit a more than two-year low against the greenback on Friday as domestic shares fell after an underwhelming stimulus package from the European Central Bank, forcing the Reserve Bank of India to sell dollars via state-run banks.

4) India's services sector growth stagnates in November as sentiments hit 10-year low

Services sector output stagnated in November after four consecutive months of expansion, as business sentiments hit the lowest level in a decade and flow of new orders turned sluggish, a monthly survey showed Thursday.

5) The core industries in India grew at a sluggish rate of 3.2% in October 2015 as per the newly released data

As per the data released by the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry on November 30, 2015 the output of 8 core industries increased 3.2% in the month of October 2015 slowing down from 9% growth recorded in October 2014. The core sector growth in the period April to October 2015 was recorded at 2.5% while a growth of 5.6% was recorded in the corresponding period April to October 2014.

6) Growth in foreign tourist arrivals at 3-year low

The National Democratic alliance government's move to hardsell India as a hot tourism destination is yet to show results. According to Union tourism ministry statistics, the growth in inbound travel (foreign tourists coming to India) is a modest four per cent this calendar year (till October), compared to the previous year. This is the slowest pace of growth in the past three years.
Union tourism minister Mahesh Sharma recently admitted that in 2011-12, foreign tourists used to stay for an average of 20-22 days in India which has now come down to 18-20 days

7) Outlook for India’s power sector remains negative: Moody’s

“Our outlook for the Indian power sector remains negative, because the industry faces persistent challenges, mainly resulting from high, albeit moderating, fuel supply risk, cost over-runs at some plants operated by independent power producers (IPPs), and the limited capacity to pay on the part of financially weak distribution utilities,” Moody’s said in a press release today.
Let's brainstorm, guise. Modiji seems to be outside his depth here. May be we can think of good ideas and then have the mods tweet it to PMO.
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Brexit: As referendum draws near, here's why India is on its toes

A shorter version (reduced by 91.0%) can be found on IndiaSpeaks.
This is an extended summary, orginal article can be found here

Stats For Nerds:

Original Length 6739
Summary Length 2036
Summary Ratio: 69.79%

Extended Summary:

Brexit: As referendum draws near, here's why India is on its toes.
The D-day has arrived - the day Britons will decide whether to stay on or leavethe European Union.
A victory for "out" could unleash turmoil on financial markets.
Indeed a decision to exit will have a deep impact on the global economy and in turn on India.
According to the consultancy firm, key sectors attracting Indian investment include healthcare, agritech,food, and drink.
IANS, meanwhile, says that Britain ranks 12th in terms of India's bilateral trade with individual countries.
Access to European markets is therefore a key driver for Indian companies coming to the UK.
So clearly, India will see a major impact, if the UK indeed decides to leave the EU.
What is required in such a scenario is forex reserves.
The finance ministry said on Wednesday the country has sufficient foreign exchange reserves to handle any impact.
The RBI's intervention by selling dollars had averted a deeper decline.
In case of BREXIT later this week, it would likely allow any US Dollar strength to play out.
3/USD today," Bank of America Merill Lynch said on Monday.
"An initial analysis indicates that the impact on India's technology sector may be mixed; clearly negative in the short term and harder to discern in the longer term with either scenario having some positive and some negative points," Nasscom said.
With the pound expected to fall 20 percent in case of a Brexit, Indian companies with sizeable presence in the UK will have to bear the brunt.
Apart from these, the Indian Depository Receipts of StanChart are also likely to get impacted negatively.
As Deloitte explains in the note, one of the key factors, among others, that attracts Indian enterprises and their investment into the UK is the gateway that it provides to the EU.
The domestic capital market has a robust surveillance and risk management framework in place and it has been beefed up to deal with any eventuality emanating from the 'Brexit' referendum, a senior official said.
If I am not working properly, please contact Blackbird-007 or send a message to moderators of IndiaSpeaks.
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